Hello students, In this video lecture we will discuss what is exhumation, cases in which exhumation can be done, procedure of exhumation, who can authorize exhumation. And carry out further discussion in the another topic of forensic science in the upcoming videos.
It is the examination of a dead body taken out of the grave for the suspicion of a death because of poisoning or any other foul play.
Autopsies are performed on exhumed bodies in the following circumstances:
(1) In criminal cuses c.g. homicides, suspected homicide masked as suicide, suspicious poisoning, death as a results of criminal abortion and malpractice.
(2) In civil cases such as accidental death claim, liability for malpractice, survirorship and inheritance claims or disputed identify.
This should be carried out by the order of:
3. Sub-divisional magistrate
A police officer cannot order exhumation. After exhumation Post-mortem examination is done by the medical officer and the parts are sent to the chemical laboratory for analysis.
The following parts are sent for chemical analysis:
1.Earth taken from above the coffin.
2. Earth taken from belov the coffin
3. Earth taken from within the coffin.
4.Hair from head.
5. Hair from pubes.
6. Nails, teet.
11. Liver, spleen and kidney.
Time limit for examination
In India and England: No time limit.
France : 10 yrs.
Scotland: 20 yrs.
Germany: 30 yrs.
Arsenic poisoning has a special significance because of its high content in various parts of the body on post-mortem analysis of exhumated bodies.
Practical Problems in Crime Detection in India
1. The investigating police officer may not find time to reach the scene of death due to his other engagcments. Therefore time is lost in obtaining clues to the crime and decomposition of the body starts making more difficult for the medical officer to give a cause of death.
2. The police officer lacks training in the field of medical jurisprudence and therefore the reports lack completeness. By the time the body reaches the medical officer the body is under decomposition. Therefore the difficulty in detection of crime.
3. Many times the relatives and friends of the deceased conceal information in order to avoid their presence in the court of law.
4. The geographical and climatic condition of the country favour early decompositions of the body. The areas being large may make it dificult to take the body to the concerned medical officer.
5. Familial enmity leads to conspiracy and false implication of charge of murder.
6. The forensic specialist usually does not visit the scene of the crime and thas misses considerable information.
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Shoot and edited by: Chandan singh